Indonesian Longline Demersal Fish

Workplan (1 January 31 December 2016)

Q2 Update

Status of the fishery

  • Three species – Lutjanus malabaricus (Malabar blood snapper), L. erythropterus (crimson or scarlet snapper), and Pristipomoides multidens (goldband snapper)  – are the most economically important fish for export from Indonesia.  Total landing of snapper in Indonesia was 118,608 tonnes in 2011, with Eastern Timor Sea, Aru Bay, and the Arafura Sea being the major fishing grounds for this species, contributing to more than 30 percent of the total catch, with 46,236 tonnes landed (MMAF 2011).
  • Three main grouper species – Epinephelus bleekeri (Duskytail grouper), Epinephelus tauvina (Greasy grouper) and Epinephelus poecilonotus (Dot-dash grouper) are among the catch of bottom longline vessels beside snapper. These three grouper species are also important fish for export. However, surprisingly grouper data is not yet available from the Government catch statistic for Arafura, Aru and Timor Seas Fishery Management Area. This situation can be interpreted that data on grouper catch has not been reported.
  • Information on the National status of the stock for both for snapper and grouper is not available.The only comprehensive stock assessment at the regional scale is the Indonesia and Australia shared stock of red snappers in the Arafura and Timor Seas that was conducted between 1999 and 2003.
  • There are no set biological reference points, therefore the status of the Indonesian snapper and grouper populations cannot be accurately determined.
  • There are no specific management objectives set and no fishery management plans have yet been developed. As with all other fisheries in Indonesia, the management strategy so far has only been to try to control the fishing efforts by limiting the number of fishing licenses issued, and trying to limit the types of fishing gear used.
  • Other challenges in this fishery include:
    • Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing is a major issue in the Timor and Arafura Seas.
    • The use of trawls in the wide shallow shelf of the Arafura Sea harvest bycatch that often exceeds the intended catch.
  • The main improvement need identified in this fishery is the development of a management plan for snapper-grouper fisheries in Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas.  The FIP can contribute to this effort by improving the availability of accurate data on catches for stock assessment, improving monitoring and compliance by using electronic log books (Elog), and promoting traceability by engaging supply chains to ensure that the origin and status of snapper products are well-known and all products are sourced from legal fisheries.



FIP aims to support and contribute to the improvement and sustainability of the snapper-grouper in Indonesia, through FIP development in Arafura and Timor Sea. The current workplan does not yet address all the improvement needs identified above as this is just the beginning of improvement process. The FIP steps are to start with some improvement measures, which will likely be further developed as time progresses:

  • Support improvement of catch data collection.
  • Support the collection and analysis of fishery dependent data for stock assessment
  • Support the national program on eliminating IUU
  • Support the development of snapper-grouper fishery management plan in Arafura and Timor Sea
  • Test scalability of Elog for offshore catch data gathering
  • Test scalability of inshore passive vessel tracking and fishing pressure mapping
1. Improve catch data reporting Better logbook data recording and submission to MMAF1.1.Submission of improved logbook data to the AuthorityDec-16on going
1.2.Data inputted into database, analysis of data and reported to the authorityDec-16On going
1.3.Introduce e-log data into data collection systemSep-16On going
2. Improve Ecological Related Species (ERS), retained and bycatch (discard) data reporting2.1. Input bycatch data monthlyDec-16On going
2.2. Submission of ERS, retained and bycatch dataDec-16Will organize
The recording of retained and bycatch (discard)species has been done but still needs to be improved
3. Onboard observer program (collect scientific data e.g. size measurement, species caught, (bycatch – discard and retained)3.1.Implement observers onboard the vessels.December  2016Will install 6 observers onboard when available from KKP
4. Improve Traceability4.1. Implement pilot program for traceability and e-logbookDec-16On going
4.2. Rework computer interface to pictographsJun-16On going
4.3. Reassignment of vessel computer to new captainsOct-16Preparation
4.4 Add additional Sat link capabilitiesSep-16In process
4.5 Integrate GPS automatic downloadSep-16In process
5. FIP meetings5.1. FIP meeting to discuss the implementation of improvement activities and progress conducted.2016Completed
5.2. Share logo and collaborate with P.T. Tuna Marindo for use and learnings around passive tracking systemDec-16On going
5.3. Meeting with MMAF updating FIP progress conducted.Sep-16Preparation
5.4. Attend snapper roundtable hosted by SFP and partcicipants are Government, Industries (buyers, processors)Mar-16Completed
6. Social audit6.1 Complete social audits for existing customersJul-16Completed successfully
7. Sitabundo  artisanal FIP7.1 Prepare small boat fleet for traceabilitySep-16Preparation
7.2 Install 5 tracking unitsOct-16
7.3 Accumulate fishing location data by vesselNov-16
7.4 Integrate passive vessel tracking system with new sat system