Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas, Indonesia Snapper – Grouper
Workplan (1 January – 31 December 2017)
Status of the fishery
Three species – Lutjanus malabaricus (Malabar snapper), L. erythropterus (crimson or scarlet snapper), and Pristipomoides multidens (goldband snapper) – are the most economically important fish for export from Indonesia. Total landing of snapper in Indonesia was 118,608 tonnes in 2011, with Eastern Timor Sea, Aru Bay, and the Arafura Sea being the major fishing grounds for this species, contributing to more than 30 percent of the total catch, with 46,236 tonnes landed (MMAF 2011).
Three main grouper species – Epinephelus bleekeri (Duskytail grouper), Epinephelus tauvina (Greasy grouper) and Epinephelus poecilonotus (Dot-dash grouper) are among the catch of bottom longline vessels beside snapper. These three grouper species are also important fish for export. However, surprisingly grouper data is not yet available from the Government catch statistic for Arafura, Aru and Timor Seas Fishery Management Area. This situation can be interpreted that data on grouper catch has not been reported.
Information on the National status of the stock for both for snapper and grouper is not available.The only comprehensive stock assessment at the regional scale is the Indonesia and Australia shared stock of red snappers in the Arafura and Timor Seas that was conducted between 1999 and 2003.
There are no set biological reference points, therefore the status of the Indonesian snapper and grouper populations cannot be accurately determined.
There are no specific management objectives set and no national fishery management plans have yet been developed. As with all other fisheries in Indonesia, the management strategy so far has only been to try to control the fishing efforts by limiting the number of fishing licenses issued, and trying to limit the types of fishing gear used i.e. bottom trawl ban 2016.
Effectively there has been an effort reduction in these fisheries areas as a result of the national IUU policy. So far only anecdotal evidence is available concerning increased catch rates or CPUE.
There is also anecdotal information describing the catch composition in these fishing areas. The popular Snapper and Grouper species are a lower percentage of the catch composition while other species have offset or increased the total weight of the catch.
Other challenges in this fishery include:
- Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing has been reduced but remains an issue in the Timor and Arafura Seas. o Catch data for 2015 and 2016 was impacted by the fishing license review program that took longer than anticipated to
complete. The impact was reduced effort from the Indonesian fleet as well as the reduction in effort of the IUU fleet.
The main improvement need identified in this fishery is the development of a management plan for snapper-grouper fisheries in Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas. The FIP can contribute to this effort by improving the availability of accurate data on catch for stock assessment, improving location monitoring and corresponding catch locations. Promoting traceability by engaging supply chains back to the fishing location will ensure that the origin and status of snapper products are well-known and all products are sourced from legal fisheries. This information is necessary to insure the market access to the US export market post US traceability legislation.
This FIP supports and contributes to the improvement, traceability, and sustainability of snapper-grouper in Indonesia, through FIP development in Arafura and Timor Sea. The FIP steps are to continue with some improvement measures, which will be further developed as time progresses:
Support improvement of catch data collection.
Support the collection and analysis of fishery dependent data for stock assessment Support the national program on eliminating IUU
Support the national program for workplace safety and worker protection
Support the development of snapper-grouper fishery management plan in Arafura and Timor Sea Test passive vessel tracking system for accuracy of location data
Test scalability of inshore passive vessel tracking as first step in small vessel traceability.
|1. Improve catch||1.1 Archive improved catch data||Archive Excelsheet||Geerry||March 2017||on going till December|
|data reporting Better||for future use in national stock||quarterly. Pls use i.e.|
|1.2. Investigate most usable||Please contact KKP||Geerry in||May 2017||on going till December|
|format for KKP data analysis||and find out about||coordination with Adi|
|the format. We need|
|the information do|
|define the columns in|
|the excel sheet. Goal|
|to use the same|
|format for both FIP.|
|1.3. Landing data in most useable||Landing data in the||Geerry||May 2017||on going till December|
|format organized by calendar||format defined from|
|2. Improve Ecological||2.1. Input bycatch data monthly||Add the bycatch data||Geerry||Starting March 2017||on going till December|
|Related Species||to the landing data||must be in quarterly|
|(ERS), retained and||excel.||basis|
|bycatch (discard)||Fishbycatch are all|
|data reporting||the species not|
|targeted in the FIP.|
|2.2. Archive ERS, retained and||Please use naming||Geerry||Starting March 2017||The recording of retained|
|bycatch data||format and start with||and bycatch|
|the year_quarter ie.:||(discard)species has been|
|2017_1_Landingdata_||done but still needs to be|
|3. Onboard observer||3.1.Implement observers||1. Define how many||There is no observer|
|program (collect||onboard the vessels.||and when the||program available at this|
|scientific data e.g.||observers will be||time. I tried to contact|
|size measurement,||onboard.||Aris Budiarto from KKP|
|species caught,||SDI, still no reply.|
|(bycatch – discard|
|4. Improve||4.1. Have 5 passive vessel||Install the units and||Geerry||March 2017||On going|
|Traceability on||(tracking units) VTS units on 5||test them|
|<30GT (large vessel)||large vessels running.|
|fishing offshore Indo|
|4.2. Upload VTS data to the||Work with Pak Dobo||Mas Huda BSI||July 2017||On going|
|stakeholders. Survey KKP||from KKP to map cell|
|transshipment locations for cell||access at|
|4.3. Aplay Fishery analytics to VTS||Analyze VTS||VTS Supplier||September 2017||Preparation|
|data.||locational data and||Pelagic Data Systems|
|fishing signature data|
|4.4 Design catch storage system||Coordinate colored||Geerry||October 2017||In process|
|to integrate with locational data||bagging systems with|
|date of catch.|
|4.5 Tracking species to catch||Test the catch storage||Geerry||December 2017||Preparation|
|location.||system design for||Pelagic Data Systems|
|accuracy of location|
|Tie individual fishes|
|back to catch|
|5. Improve||5.1. Trak the activities of 10 small||Install passive VTS||Geerry||Completed||Completed|
|Traceability on||fishing vessels.||systems on 10 vessels|
|<30GT small vessels||>30GT small vessels|
|fishing inshore Indo|
|5.2. Archive fishing data on 10 >||Import a storage||Geerry||Starting May 2017||On going|
|30 GT vessels||system from PDS. And|
|deliver the data to|
|Global Fish Watch|
|and BSI and Intan|
|5.3. Determine scalability of using||Capture traceability||Geerry||December 2017||Preparation|
|VTS for small boat fisheries in||data from small boats||PDS|
|remote locations||in remote locations.|
|6. FIP meetings||6.1. Attend FIP meeting to||Discuss the||All||March 2017||Preparation|
|activities and review|
|2017 work plan and|
|6.2. Attend snapper-Grouper||Develop a wider base||Geerry & Lenny||Feb 2017||Completed|
|roundtable/WPP 712 FIP planning||for snapper-grouper|
|meeting hosted by SFP attendee||companies to be|
|by Industry players||involved.|
|6.3. Inform KKP of FIP activities||Review the FIP||Dessy SFP||December 2017|
|progress with KKP|