Indonesian Longline Demersal Fish
Workplan (1 January – 31 December 2016)
Status of the fishery
- Six species – Lutjanus malabaricus (Malabar blood snapper), L. erythropterus (crimson or scarlet snapper), and Pristipomoides multidens (goldband snapper) – are the most economically important fish for export from Indonesia. Total landing of snapper in Indonesia was 118,608 tonnes in 2011, with Eastern Timor Sea, Aru Bay, and the Arafura Sea being the major fishing grounds for this species, contributing to more than 30 percent of the total catch, with 46,236 tonnes landed (MMAF 2011).
In addition we are developing a database for Cobia (Rachycentron canadum),
Mahi-Mahi (Coryphaena hippurus) and Narrow Barred Spanish Mackerel (Scomberomorus commerson)
- Three main grouper species – Epinephelus bleekeri (Duskytail grouper), Epinephelus tauvina (Greasy grouper) and Epinephelus poecilonotus (Dot-dash grouper) are among the catch of bottom longline vessels beside snapper. These three grouper species are also important fish for export. However, surprisingly grouper data is not yet available from the Government catch statistic for Arafura, Aru and Timor Seas Fishery Management Area. This situation can be interpreted that data on grouper catch has not been reported.
- Information on the National status of the stock for both for snapper and grouper is not available.The only comprehensive stock assessment at the regional scale is the Indonesia and Australia shared stock of red snappers in the Arafura and Timor Seas that was conducted between 1999 and 2003.
- There are no set biological reference points, therefore the status of the Indonesian snapper and grouper populations cannot be accurately determined. Same applies for Mahi, Cobia and Spanish Mackerel.
- There are no specific management objectives set and no fishery management plans have yet been developed. As with all other fisheries in Indonesia, the management strategy so far has only been to try to control the fishing efforts by limiting the number of fishing licenses issued, and trying to limit the types of fishing gear used, as well as eliminating IUU.
- Other challenges in this fishery include:
- Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing remains a major issue in the Timor and Arafura Seas.
- The use of trawls in the wide shallow shelf of the Arafura Sea harvest bycatch that often exceeds the intended catch.
- The main improvement need identified in this fishery is the development of a management plan for snapper-grouper fisheries in Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas. The FIP can contribute to this effort by improving the availability of accurate data on catches for stock assessment, improving monitoring and compliance by using electronic log books (Elog), and promoting traceability by engaging supply chains to ensure that the origin and status of snapper products are well-known and all products are sourced from legal fisheries.
- The addition of Mahi, Cobia and Spanish Mackerel to this FIP allows for the accumulation of catch data. The data from this new species will provide the basis for management strategy.
FIP aims to support and contribute to the improvement and sustainability of the snapper-grouper in Indonesia, through FIP development in Arafura and Timor Sea. The current workplan is making progress in addressing the improvement needs identified above. The same FIP steps will be applied to the new species and will be further developed as time progresses:
- Provide continuous improvement of catch data for all FIP species
- Upload new catch data every quarter to fish source
- Support the collection and analysis of fishery dependent data for stock assessment
- Support the national program on eliminating IUU
- Support the development of snapper-grouper fishery management plan in Arafura and Timor Sea
- Refine Elog-systems for offshore catch data gathering
- Test scalability of inshore passive vessel tracking and fishing pressure mapping
|1. Improve catch data reporting Better logbook data recording and submission to MMAF|
|1.1.Submission of improved logbook data to the Fish Source|
1.2.Data inputted into Fish Source database
1.3.Refine e-log data format to align with MMAF data requirements
1/Jan – 31 March 2017
|2. Improve Ecological Related Species (ERS), retained and bycatch (discard) data reporting||2.1. Input bycatch data monthly|
2.2. Data available
1/Jan – 31 March 2017
Looking for data recipient.
|3. Onboard observer program (collect scientific data e.g. size measurement, species caught, (bycatch – discard and retained)|
|3.1.Implement observers onboard the vessels.|
|January-March 2017||KKP has revitalized program. 6 observers onboard are available from KKP|
|4. Improve Traceability||4.1. Implement pilot program for traceability and e-logbook|
4.2. Rework computer interface to government reporting log book
4.3. Reassignment of vessel computer to new captains
4.4 Add additional Sat link capabilities GFW
4.6 Install passive tracking systems on 5 vessels
4.7 Compare catch data collection systems for efficiency
|5. FIP meetings|
|5.1. FIP meting to discuss the implementation of improvement activities and progress conducted.|
5.2. Share logo and collaborate with P.T. Tuna Marindo for use and learnings around passive tracking system
5.3. Attend snapper roundtable hosted by SFP and partcicipants are Government, Industries (buyers, processors)
|6. Social audit||6.1 Complete social audits for existing customers||July 2016||Completed successfully|
|7. Brondong artisanal FIP||7.1 Prepare small boat fleet for traceability|
7.2 Install 5 tracking units
7.3 Accumulate fishing location data by vessel
Units standing by
Data software completed